Sebum: Do you know the difference between combination and acne-prone skin?

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12 August 2019

Sebum: Do you know the difference between combination and acne-prone skin?

What is oily skin? Oily skin is thick in texture with dilated pores and a visible shine. It can be dull in appearance and lack radiance. A combination skin type will suffer these signs in the t-zone area, across the forehead, down the nose and on the chin whereas an oily skin is all over of the face. Oily skin is triggered by an excessive amount of sebum produced in the skin. You should embrace your oily skin rather than trying to dry it out, once you can maintain the quality of sebum your skin produces you will have a lovely glow to the skin which is what everyone wants these days! It’s like having a natural highlighter!

BIODERMA products: Sebium range


What do we need to know about sebum?

Sebum is produced by the sebaceous gland which is usually connected to the hair follicle. Your sebum production is stimulated mainly by the testosterone hormone. It is common that your skin can change during puberty. Additional factors that can influence the sebum secretion are stress, sweating, pollution, wind, sun & air-conditioning. Now that we know a little more about Sebum lets dive in and have a look at what it is composed of: Sebum is composed of squalene, fatty acids, other lipids and vitamin E. Vitamin E is an anti-oxidant that keeps sebum from thickening allowing for it to flow out of the skin. Naturally, you can imagine when the skin lacks this anti-oxidant it can cause the sebum to become thick and therefore is easily stuck in the skin which can lead to blackheads and breakouts.

How should we approach excessive sebum production?

If your sebum lacks vitamin E and the squalene oxidized it creates an environment for bacteria to live which can lead to breakouts, as we explained above your sebum will thicken with a lack of Vitamin E. The sebum will become tackier in texture and cannot flow out of the pores as easy. So we need to focus on the quality of sebum that is produced to encourage a healthy sebum and therefore reduce the risk of blackheads or breakouts.

What is BIODERMA’S Solution to excessive sebum?

BIODERMA has created the perfect solution to excessive sebum production and the solution is the FLUIDACTIVTM Patent. The FLUIDACTIVTM Patent works to biologically regulate the quality of sebum, with strong anti-oxidant properties it prevents oxidized squalene. It prevents and reduces the appearance of breakouts. The patent comes with additional ingredients such as, zinc gluconate: regulating the sebum secretion, agaric acid; visibly reducing the pore size, salicylic acid: smoothening and improving the skin’s surface and removing dead skin cells and also glycerin: giving long-lasting moisture, softening skin & reducing tewl (water loss in the epidermis).

Now that you know a little more about Sebum, here's BIODERMA'S product guide for Oily/Combination skin:

Now you know what sebum is, where it comes from and how to treat it, and so it’s also important to know what products within the BIODERMA Sebium Range to use for oily or combination skin. First and most importantly for cleansing we recommend the Sebium H20 Micellar Water & the Sebium Foaming Gel, you can use just the micellar water as it is a non rinse cleanser with a physiological Ph so that it respects the outermost layer of the skin, your hydrolipid film making sure not to leave the skin dry or sensitive. The Sebium Foaming Gel is lovely to deep clean the skin in the evening or to use when you’re in the shower. Zinc Gluconate & Copper Sulphate purify the skin and regulate the sebum production. To moisturise morning and night the Sebium Pore Refiner is perfect, regulating the quality of sebum and minimising the visibility of your pores! BIODERMA makes it simple with just three products to treat your oily or combination skin alongside the Photoderm AKN SPF30 which is your sun protection treatment that regulates the quality of sebum aswell as protecting you from the sun.

BIODERMA products: Sebium pore refiner and sebium H2O micellar water


What about treating Acne?

As you can see so far, BIODERMA has focused on regulating the quality of sebum but what if you are already suffering from Acne? Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that needs to be treated effectively. BIODERMA has created the Sebium Global products and the Sebium Hydra to treat Acne but how do you choose which one you should use?

To begin, let’s have a look at Acne: Acne generally starts during puberty with the appearance of blemishes which present themselves in two forms, comedonal and inflammatory. See below the image of both types of breakouts. The bacteria the P.Acnes are the bacterias that attacked the sebum.


What is acne? 2 types of breakouts


What is BIODERMA’S solution to Acne?

BIODERMA’S aim when it comes to Acne is to stop the poor quality of sebum being produced by restoring a healthy, non-comedogenic sebum, regulating its secretion, keep pores from becoming blocked, reduce spots and blackheads and prevent recurrences. BIODERMA has created the SeboRestore Technology by binding the FLUIDACTIVTM Patent and Bakuchiol together and introducing additional ingredients such as, Salicylic acid, citric acid & AHA to refiner the skins texture and unclog the pores, Zinc Gluconate to work on the P.Acnes and regulate the sebum and enoxolone to calm and soothe the skin.

Now that you know a little more about Acne, here's BIODERMA'S product guide for Acne:

We recommend the double cleanse routine with the Sebium H20 Micellar Water and the Sebium Foaming Gel. Cleansing is an extremely important step when it comes to treating Acne. We recommend that you always cleanse off any excess sebum or sweat that might be on the surface of the skin in the morning with our non-rinse Sebium H20 Micellar Water. BIODERMA has two treatments for Acne, the Sebium Global and the Sebium Global Cover. Just as it says in the name, the Sebium Global Cover covers your breakouts while treating your acne. This product comes with a green concealer attached to the top lid and the moisturiser itself is tinted. The Sebium Global is the alternative if you want to use it morning and night and is a light white colour. Both of the Sebium Global treatments treat Acne. If you are on medication for Acne and it has begun to dry your skin or if you are suffering from Acne and dry skin the Sebium Hydra was developed for you! The Sebium Hydra regulates the quality of sebum and will moistuise the skin without blocking the pores. Its moisturizes and reconstructs the skin with Glycerin, Vaseline, Xylitol & Cermide.

BIODERMA product: Sebium Global cover

If you have being suffering with Acne or want to work on your oily or combination skin, BIODERMA has created the biological solution, you should give it a try! We hope you learnt a little something you might not have known in this article!