What are the clinical signs of oily or combination skin?
Oily skin generally has a thicker texture, dilated pores, and a dull, greasy and shiny appearance. This appearance is due to am excess of sebum, which promotes the appearance of skin blemishes such as “blackheads” and “pimples”.
For combination skin, blemishes are usually located on the T-zone: the forehead, nose and chin. The rest of the face and body may have normal or even dry skin. Combination skin is imbalanced and easily damaged.
In both cases, you usually have more dilated pores that non-oily skins and makeup (especially foundation) does not hold well on your skin. To achieve your flawless skin goal, you can use our Sebium Pore Refiner which will tighten pores and smoothe the skin texture while also mattifying your complexion. This makes it the ideal primer if you want to wear makeup!
Oily skins are also more prone to acne. If you are concerned by this skin problem you may be interested in our dedicated section about acne-prone skin.
Why do you have oily skin?
The skin needs oil to be healthy and hydrated. For this, the sebaceous glands present in your skin produce daily a certain amount of natural oil, called sebum. However, people with oily skin will produce too much sebum which leads to an extra-shine on the concerned areas. This overproduction of sebum is called Hyperseborrhea.
Hyperseborrhea is mostly linked to hormones production. Indeed, your sebaceous glands have receptors that react to hormones and particularly to androgens such as testosterone. The more these hormones are binding to the sebaceous glands, the more likely it is to develop an oily skin. Hyperseborrhea is also the first step leading to acne.
Causes that lead to an oily skin type include:
The quantity of sebum and hormones produced may be related to genetic factors. You may also have more sensitive glands than people with non-oily skin.
During puberty, sebaceous glands develop, triggered off by the new secretion of hormones: they increase their size and produce more sebum. From then until your 30s, it is the period where your body will produce more of that substance. Afterwards, as the skin ages, the sebaceous glands tend to slow down. So you can have oily skin now but your skin type may change in a few years!
Unadapted skin care routine
If you use too heavy creams for your skin type, you may notice that your skin condition worsened. You may also have to adapt your routine according to the season: deeply nourish in winter and provide light hydration in summer!
Same, scrubs can be great for oily skins to avoid the blemishes but too aggressive or too many scrubs may trick your skin into thinking it does not produce enough sebum, as you took it away. Therefore it will answer by overproducing sebum.
You may think it is a good idea to skip the moisturiser when your skin is oily. However, it can actually have the opposite effect!
Obviously, you should be more careful when choosing a moisturiser that someone who has a normal skin type. That said it is very important to hydrate your skin!
The main thing is not to think that hydration is provided by oil. Hydration is actually related to the amount of water in your skin cells. If your skin is dehydrated it may answer by producing more oil. To avoid that, you have to make sure your skin is well hydrated by applying a dedicated skin care, which is oil-free to match only your skin needs! You can have a look at our Hydrabio Serum to achieve that goal: it has a really light texture, ideal for your oily skin, but deeply hydrates by filling your skin cells with water!
Cleansing, the major step for your oily skin's routine!
Oily skins are the skin types that have to be the most attentive to their cleansing routine. As your skin tends to produce more lipids than others during a day, it accumulates! Which makes your skin looking dull and can clog your pores.
That's why you should definitely clean your skin twice a day and adopt a double-cleansing routine.
Our best skin care routine for oily skin is:
- In the evening, remove all the dirt and impurities accumulated during the day with a deep double-cleanse. First, use Sebium H2O and then, go deeper in the pores thanks to Sebium Foaming Gel.
But be careful! Over cleansing could be harmful to your skin's balance. Twice a day is enough, otherwise you may take away the good lipids that your skin needs.