01 November 2019
I have a kid with Atopic Dermatitis!
Atopic Dermatitis is an inflammatory, pruritic, chronically relapsing skin disease that affects up to 20% of all small children in the world. It is the most common skin disease affecting children. Parents with a history of allergy or atopic conditions have an increased risk of having a kid with an allergic condition.
Does my kid have Atopic Dermatitis? When should I look for help?
Children with Atopic Dermatitis typically develop red, dry, itchy patches on the skin. Along with frequent scratching, the skin may develop blisters, oozing, crusting, or sores from infection.
In infants, eczema commonly affects the face, scalp, arms and legs. In older children, eczema may involve only the insides of the elbows and the back of the knees.
Atopic skin may react to sweating, heat, rough clothing with irritating fabrics and fibres. It can also react to some detergents, soaps and cleansers. Some kids may have allergies to foods (milk or egg), animals, dust mites, tree pollens and grasses, but the link of Atopic Dermatitis lesions and allergen exposure is not always clear.
According to Doctor Hugo Braga Tavares, a specialist in paediatrics, in most cases Atopic Dermatitis is diagnosed during a routine check-up. However, if your child develops any of the symptoms or signs described above you should consult your doctor.
What treatments are recommended for Atopic Dermatitis?
Even with an optimized treatment, children suffering from Atopic Dermatitis will have periods of exacerbation which are known to impact their quality of life, as well as their parents’ one.
As said by the Doctor Hugo Braga Tavares, there are several treatments approved for children. They include topical corticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors to control the skin inflammation, and also oral antihistamines to control itching. More severe cases may also need systemic treatments (IV, SC or orally administered), but all patients, irrespective of the Atopic Dermatitis severity, should be given basal treatment with an emollient to help restore and keep healthy skin properties.
As developed in our previous article about Atopic Dermatitis, BIODERMA have come up with a solution for atopic dermatitis by treating it with a patented ingredient called “Sucroester”. It prevents the adhesions of the bacteria that is responsible for atopic dermatitis (Staphylococcus aureus). This patented ingredient is present in the Atoderm products for very dry skin and in the Atoderm Intensive Baume emollient.
Environmental triggers should be avoided, and extra care should be taken when it comes to sun exposure. Thereby, after applying your emollient, you should apply an adequate sunscreen product. Baths should not last more than 5 to 10 minutes, using warm water and adequate amounts of non-soap cleansers like the Atoderm Shower Oil. After showering, use your towel to gently pat the skin dry and apply your topical treatment and/or emollient as quickly as possible after the bath.
The application of emollient increases hydration of the skin and reduces xerosis with proved benefit on itching, erythema, fissuring, and lichenification. They also help in preserving and restoring the skin barrier function, decreasing the risk of bacterial superinfection, preventing future exacerbations and the need for other topical treatments. As such, emollient is recommended to be used daily, even when your child is not showing signs of active eczema.
How should I apply the Atoderm Intensive Baume?
You should apply the Atoderm Intensive Baume at least 2 times a day, especially after baths, all over the skin and not only in areas with active lesions.
When used with other topical treatments, there is no clear evidence on order nor on time to apply emollient. It is suggested to wait for 30 minutes before applying emollient on top of those treatments.
Here are the tips from Doctor Hugo Braga Tavares to prevent contamination of the emollient with the bacteria:
- avoid sharing between patients;
- prefer pump dispensers;
- use a clean spoon or spatula if the emollient is in a pot (never insert your fingers into pots).
Now you know everything about Atopic Dermatitis & children; how to diagnose it, which treatment to use and which complementary skincare you should use. BIODERMA & its Atoderm range is also here to help you improve the quality of life of your children suffering from Atopic Dermatitis by nourishing & moisturising atopic skin, decreasing itching & soothing irritations, with lasting results.
Article written by Doctor Hugo Braga Tavares.