What is pregnancy mask and what are the causes?
During pregnancy, the body produces more hormones than usual, called Melanocyte-stimulating hormones (MSH). Those hormones cause the production of melanin in the skin, a protective pigment protecting the skin from DNA damage (such as cancer), which can cause hyperpigmentation.
This hyperpigmentation gets visible on the face with those dark splotchy spots, appearing around the mouth, on the cheeks and forehead: the pregnancy mask, or chloasma.
Hormonal imbalance is a significant characteristic favouring the pregnancy mask. Those future moms who already have their hormones out of balance before being pregnant are the ones with the highest chances to develop chloasma.
How can I prevent pregnancy mask?
Even if you already had pregnancy mask in the past, that doesn't mean you'll have it again. Then, before pregnancy, every future mom should make sure her hormones are balances, and her health optimised to minimise the risks to develop the pregnancy mask.
> Eat healthily - That's not a secret, healthy food is great for your body to bring all nutrients it needs. During pregnancy, it is even more than that because healthy food will help the body to make a proper building block nourishing baby and producing the hormones needed.
> Balance omega's - Omega's, especially omega 3 & 6, are very hard to avoid with restaurant and packaged food. Home cooked meals, cooked with healthy fats such as butter, olive & coconut oil, are the best food ensuring to avoid the highest levels of polyunsaturated fats. Plus, it is recommended to eat safe seafood or fish twice per week minimum or raw code liver oil.
> Avoid toxins - Favour homemade or natural brands cleaning products with endocrine disruptors, chose the most gentle shampoo and body wash (see Atoderm range
) and avoid using plastic containers as much as possible.
> Sleep - You body is about to change and stretch to give birth to your beautiful baby. But to do so, it needs as much rest as possible, and good nights of sleep help to rebalance hormones. The recommended time is to be in bed by 10pm and to avoid all blue light from technology two hours before going to sleep.
> Choose light exercise - too much exercise can stress your body and create an imbalance. Walking, swimming and even yoga are the best for your body and its health.
How can I treat & protect it?
Sun exposure can increase the risk of chloasma. During your pregnancy, avoid exposing your skin to the sun during 12 to 4 pm, the hours with the highest risks during the day. Wear a hat and keep your face covered as much as possible from the sun reflects on the water, snow, concrete, ..etc.. Plus, protect and treat pregnancy mask with:
> Photoderm M SPF 50+
- It inhibits tyrosinase, a key enzyme in melanogenesis, thanks to its active ingredient glabridin, which help to limit sun pigmentation process. Reinforced protection against visible radiation, it minimises the risk of pigmentation as pregnancy mask.ingredient glabridin, which help to limit sun pigmentation process. Reinforced protection against visible radiation, it minimises the risk of pigmentation as pregnancy mask.