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Good habits for your acne-prone skin

What can you do to get rid of acne?

Acne is a harmless skin disease, but those who experienced it know how much it can ruin their lives. 
The good news is that, besides taking medical treatments, acne sufferers can take steps in their everyday lives to fight spots and blackheads.
 
Here we provide key information about make-up removal, hygiene and skincare advice, good make-up habits, the impact of lifestyle, and how to avoid acne scars.
 

Cleansing routine, to remove makeup and impurities

The aim is to allow sebum to flow freely and keep pores from becoming blocked.
 
Healthy skin starts with clean skin! The objective of make-up removal is to eliminate all traces of make-up. There’s no way of sleeping with your foundation on, right when the skin naturally triggers its biological cell renewal and detoxification process. But even for people who doesn’t wear make-up and tend to have blemishes, twice-daily skin cleansing is mandatory. The aim of this hygiene ritual is to thoroughly remove excess sebum, dead cells resulting from natural desquamation, and all external residues of atmospheric pollution. The accumulation of particles of various origins can play a role in acne by causing skin inflammation. Learn more about the appropriate type of make-up removal for acne and the benefits of cleansing brushes.
 
With acne, the challenge lies in striking the right balance between efficacy and preservation of the epidermis, since acne-prone skin can be sensitive and rapidly react to certain make-up products. 
 
“You must cleanse the skin without attacking or damaging it,
which could end up leading to excess sebum production”
 
Typically, overly vigorous make-up removal alters the skin’s protective hydrolipidic film, which preserves its physiological acidic pH. That's why, we recommend preferring the Sebium H2O micellar water: its pH is similar to your skin and its effective ingredients ensure effective, risk-free cleansing.
Cleansing routine, to remove makeup and impurities

Other hygiene and skincare advice

More than any other skin type, blemished skin reacts to internal and external pollution factors. 
  • The internal factors of acne include excess sebum secreted during the day as well as dead cells that accumulate on the skin. You can find more info about what's happening to your skin during a breakout in our dedicated article.
  • The external causes for acne include make-up, of course, as well as air impurities and pollution. 
 
Your first reflex, as told before, should be to implement a proper skin cleansing routine.
Then, even when topical treatment has been prescribed by a doctor, hydration remains necessary. Since most of these treatments tend to dry out the skin, we recommend Sebium Hydra as it has been specially formulated to reduce the side effects your skin suffers when you have a prescription for anti-acne drugs.
 
Acne-prone skin may also be more inclined to the apparition of blemishes and visible pore. If the appearance of your skin bothers you, a good trick is to use Sebium Pore Refiner. Use it as a primer every morning: it tightens the pores, prevents blemishes and smoothes the skin texture
 
The last tip you absolutely must follow if you have acne is not to touch, pop or handle your spots, however tempting it may be. First of all, it will only make the situation worse and cause your spots to become more visible. In addition, all forms of picking and squeezing will sharply increase the risk of scarring.
Other hygiene and skincare advice

Adopt better make-up habits

Can you apply powder or high-coverage foundation when you have acne? Acne patients used to be discouraged from wearing make-up. But blemishes can be hard to accept in the full light of day! 
 
Today, formulas have changed and it’s absolutely normal to want to cover up your blemishes as much as possible. Obviously, you’ll want to choose a suitable foundation and concealer, if using one. They should be non-comedogenic and specifically formulated for oily acne-prone skin. Any high-coverage product with an occlusive effect could worsen your lesions
 
There are also some ingredients that can cause spots to form, which is why it’s important to verify that products are “non-comedogenic” – this information can usually be found on the label. The overuse of unsuitable cosmetic products can lead to a condition currently known as “acne cosmetica”. 
 
With this in mind, BIODERMA developed Sebium Global Cover, which treats effectively by regulating the sebum quality and quantity but also neutralizes redness. You first have to apply the green compact on blemishes and then the tinted fluid over the entire face, and you're ready for the day!
 
 
Of course, make-up removal every evening is essential. As for brushes, sponges and make-up tools, they also need to be cleaned with a cleansing/soapy solution such as a micellar water on a regular basis to prevent bacterial growth. If you apply your foundation with your fingers, wash your hands thoroughly beforehand.
Adopt better make-up habits

The impact of lifestyle on acne

Smoking 
Smoking is known to aggravate skin problems in general and has been accused of thickening the skin, which contributes to acne development and making it appear dull. 
 
The sun 
The sun is directly responsible for a rebound effect well known to dermatologists, who warn acne patients about the risks run every summer. That's why you should avoid exposing your skin to UV rays without applying a specific photoprotection product for oily acne-prone skin first, such as Photoderm AKN Mat SPF 30. Learn more about the rebound effect and how to prevent it by reading the complete article about it!
 
Diet
Recent studies on this topic seem to show the impact of dairy products, especially those that are low in fat. Greasy junk food and excess sugar intakes are known for their overall pro-inflammatory effects, which are bad for health in general and the skin in particular. Nutritional advice for acne is, therefore, the same as for body weight and ageing: avoid processed foods and favour fresh fruits and vegetables as well as home-made meals.
 
The birth control pill
The birth control pill can improve acne-prone skin if chosen wisely, with an appropriate hormonal balance. But it is not a treatment in itself. Some types of pills can have the opposite effect and make acne even worse. You should therefore, speak with your gynaecologist to find the best strategy.
 
Mobile phones
The bacteria on your mobile phone come into contact with your cheek all day long – you should therefore, remember to clean it thoroughly, several times a week, and use earphones whenever possible!
 
Shaving
Promoting irritation and the inflammation of lesions, shaving can be very uncomfortable, especially if you are using an aggressive treatment that weakens the skin. In that case, it’s best to shave just once every two or three days, depending on your tolerance threshold.
The impact of lifestyle on acne

How to avoid acne scars

Scarring is the most common complication of acne, an otherwise harmless skin disease, except in extreme cases. It’s hard to know what types of skin and what types of lesions can lead to scarring. However, there are some steps you can take to prevent and also correct acne scars.
 
Two simple tips to prevent scars : 
1. First of all, resist touching your blemishes, that's the most common way to deeply damage your skin and promote scarring. 
2. Use Photoderm AKN Mat SPF 30 to protect your skin from the rebound effect when exposed to the sun, or Cicabio Cream SPF 50+  on the lesions in the healing phase, that can become permanently pigmented and leave a mark. Get to know more about protection for damaged skins here.
 
To treat scars: 
Once scars are present, various techniques – peels, lasers, injections, etc. – are available to eliminate them or at least make them less visible. All these methods should preferably be implemented under medical supervision, although they can also be performed by certain beauticians. The choice of technique depends on the type of scar, and procedures can only be carried out once acne is fully healed. 
How to avoid acne scars

You may also wonder about acne-prone skin…

Are cleansing brushes a good idea for acne?

Of the various beauty devices that have been launched on the market over the past few years, cleansing brushes have generated significant hype. But as with scrubs, dermatologists are extremely cautious about their use for acne patients. Highly abrasive and aggressive, they over-cleanse and eliminate the hydrolipidic film, thereby altering the natural skin barrier.

What is the link between contraception and acne? 

Directly involved in hormonal balance, the birth control pill can influence acne and the severity of blemishes. However, it all depends on the type of pill and each woman’s hormonal profile.
The balance between the female hormones progesterone and oestrogen is delicate, not to mention disruptions related to androgens such as testosterone. Put briefly; there is often acne when progesterone is the dominant hormone. With oestrogen dominance, the skin is fairly healthy, but the premenstrual syndrome is more pronounced. 
All birth control pills stop ovulation and supply both progesterone and oestrogen, but at different levels. 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th generation contraceptive pills are each characterised by the type of progestin they contain. Some progestins in birth control have androgenic effects and can thus potentially aggravate acne, while for others, this is not the case.
 

Can stress lead to breakouts?

Lots of people have experienced acne flare-ups during periods of intense stress. This correlation has not yet been scientifically proven, but several studies are currently being undertaken1 on the topic. We know that the sebaceous glands are surrounded by multiple nerve cells, capable of releasing a substance called substance P that alters sebum production in response to stress. Thus, there does indeed seem to be a relationship between stress and acne. Researchers are currently working to find an agent that will block substance P and therefore, avoid sebum peaks related to stress. 

Our best advice to take care of your acne-prone skin

CLEANSING

Use Sebium H2O Micellar Water to gently get rid of your make-up and impurities on the skin.
For a respectful double cleansing routine, use Sebium H2O along with Sebium Foaming Gel, which also purifies the skin.
 

SKIN CARE

Improve your skin appearance by using  Sebium Pore Refiner.
Avoid the rebound effect by applying Photoderm AKN Mat SPF30 before and during sun exposure.
Treat and moisturise with Sebium Global or Sebium Global Cover for effective coverage of redness and blemishes in the day.
 
OTHER GOOD HABITS
Do not smoke or stay near smokers.
Avoid sugar and dairy products.
Protect your skin from the sun.
Don't let your skin be in contact with a source of germs: wash your hands and cellphone before getting them in contact with your face.