11 July 2019
Hyperpigmentation: why do you have spots and how to prevent it
Some skin types are more prone to hyperpigmentation, whether it’s because it’s the skin’s natural response to sun exposure or due to a disorder, you can find appropriate ways to avoid this phenomenon. And to do so, let’s first learn a little more about this mechanism!
What is hyperpigmentation?
If the causes of hyperpigmentation are diverse, the result is always quite the same: it is a skin condition in which you notice darker and lighter areas on your skin, like an uneven tan. So what is the cause of this skin condition?
You probably already know that tanning is due to the amount of melanin you produce or to be more accurate, that your melanocytes produce, causing your skin to darken. The more melanin your body is producing, the darker your skin gets and the other way around.
So when it comes to hyperpigmentation, you want to have a closer look at these melanocytes: indeed, if some of these cells are, for a reason or another, unhealthy or damaged, it will disturb the melanin production and therefore lead to skin pigmentation disorders.
How can you prevent and reduce hyperpigmentation?
The best way to prevent pigmentation spots is to treat depending on the kind of hyperpigmentation you are prone to. Indeed, if, as we explained before, the hyperpigmentation of your skin is almost always due to a malfunction of your melanocytes, the reason for the malfunction can vary. That’s why our advice will be different from one case to another.
If you have a tendency to develop freckles and beauty spots
This condition concerns mostly fair skins, moles and freckles usually appear in our first 30 years of life and can change appearance with the years. If you like the look of these little beauty spots you still have to be aware that they can be dangerous for your health! Indeed, if most of them are benign, some can lead to skin cancer, so better be safe than sorry, avoid them. To do so, one watchword: sun protection.
Every time you go out, apply a highly protective sunscreen on all your body parts that are going to be exposed to the sun. The best thing is to go for a SPF 50+, such as in most of our Photoderm products. This will help to protect from the harmful ultraviolet rays that disrupt the production of melanin.
By the way, did you know that you should get checked once a year for skin cancer? Every year, 12,000 people are diagnosed with a skin cancer in Ireland. Seeing a dermatologist is essential for your health, especially for phototype skin 1 & 2 (check which phototype you are there).
If you have age spots, liver spots
If you are over 40 years old, it is very likely that you noticed flat small darker areas on your face, hands or arms. These usually aren’t harmful but one may find them ungraceful and so it can impact self-confidence.
That’s why BIODERMA developed Photoderm SPOT SPF 50+. As we told you before, you should always be looking for at least a SFP 50+. Plus, one of Photoderm SPOT’s main active ingredients is glabridin, that blocks the pigmentation of your skin. In addition, this anti-brown spots sunscreen prevents ageing thanks to its high concentration in antioxidants.
Moreover, it is advised to be used before and/or after laser treatment and is suitable after a dermatological procedure.
If you have a healing wound
When you injure your skin, you damage the dermis, where are living your melanocytes. So if you expose the healing tissue to the sun, the disturbed melanocytes will not be able to answer properly to the UV rays: the surrounding skin of the scar may burn and cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
To avoid your damaged skin to darken with the sun, use Cicabio Cream SPF 50+. This cream will accelerate the healing process to repair your damaged skin, and so allow your melanocytes to get back to work. Plus, its formula and high sun protection factor limits scar and hyperpigmentation that would cause a too early sun exposure.
If you develop melasma during your pregnancy
Melasma also called chloasma and the pregnancy mask is due to the hormonal changes happening during your pregnancy that make your skin more prone to hyperpigmentation.
For this particular problem, Photoderm M SPF50+ is ideal. It will help to lighten the marks and prevent new marks from being formed. For that matter, you can use it in prevention, even if you did not notice any skin problem yet.
Now you know everything about hyperpigmentation! But sun exposure can also emphasize issues on different skin type or skin conditions. For example, if you have acne-prone skin it is very important to adapt your skin care routine in summer by following these simple but life-changing tips!